Book publications

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2017). The Trinity of Trauma: Ignorance, Fragility, and Control: Volume III, Enactive Trauma Therapy. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2016). Die Trauma-Trinität: Ignoranz - Fragilität - Kontrolle: Die Entwicklung des Traumabegriffs /Theorie und Praxis traumabedingter Dissoziation. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2015). The Trinity of Trauma: Ignorance, Fragility, and Control. Volume I & II. Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1999). Somatoform dissociation: Phenomena, measurement, and theoretical issues. Assen, The Netherlands: Van Gorcum; reprint by Norton, NY, 2004. German edition: Junfermann, 2006. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1994). Dissociatieve stoornissen en psychotrauma [Dissociative disorders and psychotrauma]. Houten, The Netherlands: Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum.

Co-author:
Van der Hart, O., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., & Steele, K. (2006). The haunted self: Chronic traumatization and structural dissociation of the personality. New York/London: Norton.

Translations are available in:


Articles in journals (English/German)

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2015). Boundaries on the concepts of dissociation and dissociation of the personality: Required and viable. Psichiatria e Psicoterapia (2015) EPUB AHEAD OF PRINT

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2014). Ten reasons for conceptualizing and classifying posttraumatic stress disorder as a dissociative disorder. Psichiatra e Psicoterapia, 33 (1), 74-106.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2014). Dissociation in the DSM-5: Your view, s'il vous plaît, Docteur Janet? Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 15(3), 245-253.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., & Reinders, A.A.T.S. (2012).  Fantasy proneness in dissociative identity disorder. PLoS ONE 7(6), e39279. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039279. Supporting information S1.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2012). Why can’t she move her arm? Newsletter European Society of Trauma and Dissociation.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., & Van der Hart, O. (2011). Dissociation in trauma: A new definition and comparison with previous formulations. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 12(4), 416-445.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., & Van der Hart, O. (2011). Defining dissociation in trauma. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 12(4), 469—473.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2011). Consciousness, dissociation and self-consciousness. Journal of Cosmology, Vol. 14.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2008). Dissociation and self-consciousness. International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation, Members’ Clinical Corner. October.  

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Van der Hart, O., Steele, K., de Soir, E., & Matthess, H. (2006). Dissociation structurelle de la personnalité et trauma. Revue Francophone du Stress et du Trauma, 6 (3).

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., & Matthess, H. (2006). Traumabezogene strukturelle Dissoziation der Persönlichkeit. Psychotherapie im Dialog, 4, 393-398.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Van der Hart, O., Kruger, K., & Steele, K. (2004). Somatoform dissociation, reported abuse, and animal defence-like reactions. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 38, 678-686.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Van Dyck, R., Ter Kuile, M.M., Mourits, M.J.E., Spinhoven, P., & Van der Hart, O. (2003). Evidence for associations among somatoform dissociation, psychological dissociation and reported trauma in patients with chronic pelvic pain. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology, 24, 87-98.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Van der Hart, O., & Kruger, K. (2002). The psychometric characteristics of the Traumatic Experiences Questionnaire (TEC): First findings among psychiatric outpatients. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 9(3), 200-210. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Van Engen, A., Kusters, I., & Van der Hart, O. (2001). Peritraumatic somatoform and psychological dissociation in relation to recall of childhood sexual abuse. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 2(3), 49-68. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2000). Somatoform dissociation: Major symptoms of dissociative disorders. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 1(4), 7-32.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Van Dyck, R., Spinhoven, P., Van der Hart, O., Chatrou, M., Vanderlinden, J., & Moene, F. (1999). Somatoform dissociation discriminates between diagnostic categories over and above general psychopathology. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 33, 512-520. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Spinhoven, P., Van Dyck, R., Van der Hart, O., & Vanderlinden, J. (1998). Degree of somatoform and psychological dissociation in dissociative disorders is correlated with reported trauma. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 11, 711-730. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Spinhoven, P., Van Dyck, R., Van der Hart, O., & Vanderlinden, J. (1998). Psychometric characteristics of the Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire: A replication study. Psychotherapy & Psychosomatics, 67, 17-23. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Spinhoven, P., Vanderlinden, J., Van Dyck, R., & Van der Hart, O. (1998). Somatoform dissociative symptoms as related to animal defensive reactions to predatory threat and injury. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 63-73.  

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Vanderlinden, J., & Spinhoven, P. (1998). Animal defensive reactions as a model for trauma induced dissociative reactions. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 11, 243-260. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Van Dyck, R., Van der Hart, O., & Spinhoven, P. (1998). Somatoform dissociation is unlikely to be a result of indoctrination by therapists (letter). British Journal of Psychiatry, 172, 452. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Spinhoven, P., Van Dyck, R., Van der Hart, O., de Graaf, A.M.J., & Knoppert, E.A.M. (1997). Dissociative pathology discriminates between bipolar mood disorder and dissociative disorder (letter). British Journal of Psychiatry, 170, 581. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Spinhoven, P., Van Dyck, R., Van der Hart, O., & Vanderlinden, J. (1997). The development of the Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ5) as a screening instrument for dissociative disorders. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 96, 311318. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1996). Dissociative identity disorder in a forensic psychiatric patient: A case report. Dissociation, 9, 278284.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Spinhoven, P., Van Dyck, R., Van der Hart, O., & Vanderlinden, J. (1996). The development and the psychometric characteristics of the Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ20). Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 184, 688694. 


Book chapters (English / German)

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (in press). Dissociative disorders in DSM-5 and beyond. In A. Lamprecht et al.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2014). Der widersprüchliche und inkompatible Wille bei Trauma. In R. Vogtf (Ed.), Verleumdung und Verrat. Dissoziative Störungen bei schwer traumatisierten Menschen als Folge von Vertrauensbrüchen (S. 91-125). Kröning: Asanger, 2014, Gesamtliteraturverzeichnis auf Seiten 242-259. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2012). Consciousness and self-consciousness in dissociative disorders. In V. Sinason (Ed.), Attachment, trauma and multiplicity: Working on identity and selves (pp. 111-153). London: Routledge.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2009). Somatoform dissociation and somatoform dissociative disorders. In P.F. Dell, & J. O’Neil (Eds.), Dissociation and dissociative disorders: DSM-IV and beyond (pp. 259-277). New York: Routledge.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. & Den Boer, J.A. (2009). Psychobiology of traumatisation and trauma-related structural dissociation of the personality. In P.F. Dell, & J.A. O’Neil (Eds.) Dissociation and the dissociative disorders: DSM-V and beyond (pp. 337-367). New York: Routledge.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. & Den Boer, J.A. (2008). Psicobiologia del trauma e dissociazione strutturale della personalità di origine traumatica. In V. Caretti & G. Craparo (Eds.), Trauma e psicopatologia: Un approcio evolutivo-relazionale. (pp. 331-358). Roma: Astrolabio.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. & Den Boer, J.A. (2008). Psicobiologia del trauma e dissociazione strutturale della personalità di origine traumatica. In V. Caretti & G. Craparo (Eds.), Trauma e psicopatologia: Un approcio evolutivo-relazionale. (pp. 331-358). Roma: Astrolabio.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. & Den Boer, J.A. (2007). Psychobiology of traumatization and trauma-related structural dissociation of the personality. In E. Vermetten, M.J. Dorahy, and D. Spiegel (Eds.). Traumatic Dissociation: Neurobiology and Treatment (pp. 219-238). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Press, Inc.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Den Boer, J.A., & Matthess, H. (2007). Psychobiologie der Traumatisierung und traumabezogene strukturelle Dissoziation der Persönlichkeit. In Lampe, F. (Hrsg.), Wohin entwickelt sich die Traumatherapie? Bewährte Ansätze und neue Perspektiven (S. 176-211). Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Van der Hart, O., & Steele, K. (2006). Traumerelatert strukturell dissosiasjon av personligheten. In Anstorp, T., Benum, B, & Jakobsen, M. (Eds.), Dissosiasjon og relasjonstraumer: Integrering av det splittede jeg (pp. 73-88). Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2004). Somatoforme Dissoziation. In: A. Eckhart-Henn & S.O. Hoffman (Eds.), Dissoziative Störungen des Bewußtseins [Dissociative Disorders of Consciousness] pp. 94-113. Stuttgart: Schattauer-Verlag. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Van der Hart, O., & Steele, K. (2004). Strukturelle Dissoziation der Persönlichkeitsstruktur, traumatischer Ursprung, phobische Residuen. In: L. Reddemann, A. Hofmann, & U. Gast, Psychotherapie der dissoziativen Störungen (pp. 47-69). Stuttgart: Thieme. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Van der Hart, & Steele, K. (2002). The emerging psychobiology of trauma-related dissociation and dissociative disorders. In: H. D’Haenen, J.A. Den Boer, & P. Willner (Eds.), Biological Psychiatry (pp. 1079-1098). London: Wiley.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. & Van der Hart, O. (1999). Forgetting and reexperiencing trauma: From anesthesia to pain. In J.M. Goodwin & R. Attias (Eds.), Splintered reflections: Images of the body in trauma (pp. 39-65). New York: Basic Books.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. & Van der Hart, O. (1999). Somatoform dissociative phenomena: A Janetian perspective. In J.M. Goodwin & R. Attias (Eds.), Splintered reflections: Images of the body in trauma (pp. 89-127). New York: Basic Books.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Van Dyck, R., Ter Kuile, M., Mourits, M., Spinhoven, P., & Van der Hart, O. (1999). Evidence for associations between somatoform dissociation, psychological dissociation and reported trauma in chronic pelvic pain patients. In Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Somatoform dissociation: Phenomena, measurement, and theoretical issues (pp. 146-160). Assen, The Netherlands: Van Gorcum.   


Articles in Dutch journals

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Spinhoven, P., Van Dyck, R., Van der Hart, O., & Vanderlinden, J. (1998). Somatoforme dissociatie: bijna vergeten, maar meetbaar aanwezig [Somatoform dissociation: Almost forgotten, but measurably extant]. Directieve therapie, 118, 104-134. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. & Vanderlinden, J. (1996). Dierlijke defensieve reacties als model voor dissociatieve reacties op psychotrauma. [Animal defense reactions as a model for dissociative reactions to psychotrauma]. Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie, 38, 135150.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1994). Doornroosje en andere verhalen voor dissociatieve patiënten en therapeuten [The sleeping beauty and other stories for dissociative patients and therapists]. Hypnotherapy, 15, 3, 54-59.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1994). Durf te leven! Verslag van een reis naar Rusland [Dare to live! Report of a journey to Russia]. Hypnotherapie, 15, 4, 45-51.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1992). Leertheorie als kader en hypnose als hulpmiddel bij de behandeling van ernstige dissociatieve stoornissen. Deel 1: Dissociatie als een klassiek geconditioneerde respons op psychotrauma [Learning theory as a framework and hypnosis as expedient in the treatment of complex dissociative disorders. Part I: Dissociation as a classically conditioned response to psychotrauma]. Trans, 8, 1, 231.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1992). Leertheorie als kader en hypnose als hulpmiddel bij de behandeling van ernstige dissociatieve stoornissen. Deel 2: Het gebruik van hypnose bij de behandeling van ernstige dissociatieve stoornissen: Een leertheoretisch perspectief [Learning theory as a framework and hypnosis as expedient in the treatment of complex dissociative disorders. Part II: The application of hypnosis in the treatment of complex dissociative disorders: A learning theoretical perspective]. Trans, 8, 2, 225.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1992). Hoe water wint van steen: Een metaforisch verhaal voor mensen met een ernstige dissociatieve stoornis [How water beats stones: A metaphorical story for subjects with complex dissociative disorders]. Hypnotherapie, 13, 4, 57-66.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1990). Somatische equivalenten bij dissociatieve stoornissen [Somatic equivalents in dissociative disorders]. Hypnotherapie, 12, 1021.


Book chapters (Dutch)

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2011). Sociale emotieregulatie en zelfregulatie bij trauma. In: J.A.M. Vermeulen, J.A. den Boer, & M.M.A. Derix (red.), Onderzoek naar bewustzijn: Neurofilosofie, neurobiologie, neuropsychologie, pp. 45-84. Amsterdam: Boom. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2008). Bewustzijn en zelf-bewustzijn bij dissociatieve stoornissen. In J.A. den Boer, G. Glas, & A. Mooij (Eds.). Kernproblemen van de psychiatrie, pp. 180-239. Meppel: Boom. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1999). Somatoforme dissociatie: Essentiële symptomen van dissociatieve stoornissen in de 19de en 20ste eeuw [Somatoform dissociation: Major symptoms of dissociative disorders in the 19th and 20th century]. In T.J. Heeren, R.C. Van der Mast, P. Schnabel, R.W. Trijsburg, W. Vandereycken, K. Van der Velden, & F.C. Verhulst (Eds.). Jaarboek voor psychiatrie en psychotherapie [Yearbook of psychiatry and psychotherapy]. Houten, The Netherlands: Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum.  

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. & Van der Hart, O. (1999). Een theoretisch perspectief op fasengerichte behandeling. [A theoretical perspective on phase-oriented treatment]. In: P.G.H. Aarts & W. Visser (Eds.), Trauma, diagnostiek en behandeling. [Trauma, assessment, and treatment] (pp. 257-273). Houten: Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1995). Dissociatieve stoornissen als gevolg van incest [Dissociative disorders as a consequence of incest]. In H. Baartman (Ed.), Op gebaande paden? : Ontwikkelingen in diagnostiek, hulpverlening en preventie met betrekking tot seksueel misbruik van kinderen [On paved roads?: Developments in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of child sexual abuse] (pp. 6185). Utrecht, The Netherlands: SWP.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1995). Dissociatie en leertheorie: Traumageïnduceerde dissociatie als klassiek geconditioneerde defensie [Dissociation and learning theory: Traumainduced dissociation as classically conditioned defense]. In K. Jonker, J. Derksen, & F. Donker (Eds.), Dissociatie: een fenomeen opnieuw belicht [Dissociation: A phenomenon illuminated afresh]. (pp. 3561). Houten, The Netherlands: Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. & Van der Hart, O. (1994). Dissociatieve stoornissen [Dissociative disorders]. In S. Maas et al. (Eds.), Handboek Klinische Psychologie, December 1994. Houten: Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum. 

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1991). Twee patiënten met een dissociatieve stoornis NAO. In O. Van der Hart (Ed.), Trauma, dissociatie en hypnose [Trauma, dissociation and hypnosis] (pp.249-273). Amsterdam/Lisse, The Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Van der Does, J.W., & Spinhoven, P. (1991). Hypnotische fenomenen. [Hypnotic phenomena]. In R. Van Dyck, P. Spinhoven, & J.W. Van der Does (Eds.), Hypnose en hypnotherapie [Hypnosis and hypnotherapy] (pp. 78-105). Houten, The Netherlands: Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum.

Nijenhuis, E.R.S. & Van der Lugt, G. (1989). De bijdrage van de directieve therapie aan de gedragstherapie [The contribution of strategic therapy to behavior therapy]. In K. Van der Velden et al. (Eds.), Directieve therapie 3 [Strategic therapy 3] (pp. 28-44). Deventer, The Netherlands: Van Loghum Slaterus.

Co-author of articles in peer-reviewed journals

Vissia, E. M., Giesen, M. E., Chalavi, S., Nijenhuis, E. R. S., Draijer, N., Brand, B. L., Reinders, A. A. T. S. (2016). Is it Trauma- or Fantasy-based? Comparing dissociative identity disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, simulators, and controls. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 1-18. 

Reinders, A. A. T. S., Willemsen, A. M. T., Vissia, E. M., Vos, H. P. J., Den Boer, J. H., Nijenhuis, E. R. S. (2016 in press). The psychobiology of authentic and simulated dissociative personality states. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 

Chalavi, S., Vissia, E. M., Giesen, M. E., Nijenhuis, E. R., Draijer, N., Barker, G. J., & Reinders, A. A. (2015). Similar cortical but not subcortical gray matter abnormalities in women with posttraumatic stress disorder with versus without dissociative identity disorder. Psychiatry Research, 231(3), 308-319.

Chalavi, S., Vissia, E. M., Giesen, M. E., Nijenhuis, E. R., Draijer, N., Cole, J. H., & Reinders, A. A. (2015). Abnormal hippocampal morphology in dissociative identity disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder correlates with childhood trauma and dissociative symptoms. Human Brain Mapping, 36(5), 1692-1704.

Schlumpf, Y. R., Reinders, A. A., Nijenhuis, E. R., Luechinger, R., van Osch, M. J., & Jancke, L. (2014). Dissociative part-dependent resting-state activity in dissociative identity disorder: a controlled FMRI perfusion study. PLoS One, 9(6), e98795.

Schlumpf, Y.R., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Chalavi, S., Weder, E.V., Zimmermann, E., Luechinger, R., La Marca, R., Reinders, A.A.T.S., & Jäncke, L. (2013). Dissociative part-dependent biopsychosocial reactions to backward masked angry and neutral faces: An fMRI study of dissociative identity disorder. Neuroimage: Clinical, 3, 54-64.

Reinders, A.A.T.S. & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2012). How well are the dissociative identity disorder simulating healthy controls doing? PLoS ONE 7(6), e39279. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039279. Supporting information S2.

Reinders, A.A.T.S., Willemsen, A.T.M., Vos, H.P.J., Den Boer, J.A., & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2012). Fact or factitious? A psychobiological study of authentic and simulated dissociative identity states. PLoS ONE 7(6), e39279. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039279.

Farina, B., Mazzotti, E., Pasquini, P., Nijenhuis, E., & Di Giannantonio, M. (2011). Somatoform and psychoform dissociation among students. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67(7), 665-672. 

Baars, E. W., Van Der Hart, O., Nijenhuis, E. R., Chu, J. A., Glas, G., & Draijer, N. (2011). Predicting stabilizing treatment outcomes for complex posttraumatic stress disorder and dissociative identity disorder: an expertise-based prognostic model. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 12(1), 67-87.  

Van Duijl, M., Nijenhuis, E., Komproe, I.H., Gernaat, H.B., & de Jong, J.T. (2010). Dissociative symptoms and reported trauma among patients with spirit possession and matched healthy controls in Uganda. Cult Med Psychiatry, 34(2), 380-400.

Ehling, T., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., & Krikke, A.P. (2007). Volume of discrete brain structures in complex dissociative disorders: Preliminary findings. In E.R. de Kloet, M.S. Oitzl & E. Vermetten (Eds.), Progress in Brain Research, Vol. 167.

Dalenberg, C., Loewenstein, R., Spiegel, D., Brewin, C., Lanius, R., Frankel, S., Gold, S., van der Kolk, B., Simeon, D., Vermetten, E., Butler, L., Koopman, C., Courtois, C., Dell, P., Nijenhuis, E., Chu, J., Sar, V., Palesh, O., Cuevas, C., & Paulson, K. (2007). Scientific study of the dissociative disorders. Psychotherapy & Psychosomatics, 76, 400-401.

Brown, R., Cardeña, E., Nijenhuis, E., Sar, V., & Van der Hart, O. (2007). Should conversion disorder be reclassified as a dissociative disorder in DSM-V? Psychosomatics, 48, 369-378.

Reinders, A.A.T.S., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Quak, J., Korf, J., Paans, A.M.J., Haaksma, J., Willemsen, A.T.M., & Den Boer, J. (2006). 
Psychobiological characteristics of dissociative identity disorder: A symptom provocation study. Biological Psychiatry, 60, 730-740.

Hermans, E.J., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., van Honk, J., Huntjens, R., & Van der Hart, O. (2006). State dependent attentional bias for facial threat in dissociative identity disorder. Psychiatry Research, 141, 233-236.

Gast, U., Rodewald, F., Hofmann, A., Matthess, M., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Reddemann, L., & Emrich, H.M. (2006). Die dissoziative Identitätsstörung—häufig felhdiagnostiziert. Eng. Translation available as Dissociative identity disorder frequently misdiagnosed. Deutsches Ärzteblatt, 102, A. 3193-3200.

Näring, G. & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2005). Relationships between self-reported potentially traumatizing events, psychoform and somatoform dissociation, and absorption, in two non-clinical populations. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 39, 982-988.

International Society for the Study of Dissociation (2005). [Chu, J.A., Loewenstein, R., Dell, P.F., Barach, P.M., Somer, E., Kluft, R.P., Gelinas, D.J., Van der Hart, O., Dalenberg, C.J., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Bowman, E.S., Boon, S., Goodwin, J., Jacobson, M., Ross, C.A., Sar, V, Fine, C.G., Frankel, A.S., Coons, P.M., Courtois, C.A., Gold, S.N., & Howell, E.]. Guidelines for treating Dissociative Identity Disorder in adults.  Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 6(4) pp. 69-149. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, Vol. 6(4) 2005
Available online at www.haworthpress.com/web/JTD - doi:10.1300/J229v06n04_05).

Ford, J., Courtois, C.A., Steele, K., Van der Hart, O., & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2005). Treatment of complex posttraumatic self-dysregulation. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 18, 437-449., 437-449.

Van der Hart, O., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., & Steele, K. (2005). Dissociation: An insufficiently recognized major feature of complex PTSD. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 18, 413-425.

Van der Hart, O., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., & Steele, K. (2005). Disociación: Una característica principal del TEPT complejo insuficientemente reconocida Journal of Traumatic Stress, 2005, 18(5).

Steele, K., Van der Hart, O., & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2005). Phase-oriented treatment of structural dissociation in complex traumatization: Overcoming trauma-related phobias. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 6 (3), 11-55.

Steele, K., Van der Hart, O., & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2005). Tratamiento secuenciado en fases de la disociación compleja: Superar las fobias relacionadas con el trauma. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, Vol. 6(3) 2005, DOI: 10.1300/J229v06n03_02

Van der Hart, O., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Steele, K., & Brown, D. (2004). Trauma-related dissociation: Conceptual clarity lost and found. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 38, 906-914.

Reinders, A.A.T.S., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Paans, A.M.J., Korf, J., Willemsen, A.T.M., & Den Boer, J.A. (2003). ). One brain, two selves. 
NeuroImage, 20, 2119-2125.

Van Gerven, M., Van der Hart, O., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., & T. Kuipers, T. (2002). Psychose, trauma en traumagerelateerde psychopathologie Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie 44 (2002) 8.

Van der Hart, O., Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2001). Generalized dissociative amnesia: episodic, semantic and procedural memories lost and found. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2001; 35:589-600.

Steele, K., Van der Hart, O., Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2001). Dependency in the treatment of complex posttraumatic stress disorder and dissociative disorders. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 2 (4), 79-116.

Van der Hart, O., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., & Brown, P. (2001). Loss and recovery of different memory types in generalized dissociative amnesia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 35 (5), 589-600.

Westerhof, Y., Woertman, L., Van der Hart, O., & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2000). Forgetting child abuse: Feldman-Summers and Pope’s (1994) study replicated among Dutch psychologists. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 7, 220-229.

Cardeña, E. & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (2000). Embodied sorrow: A special issue on somatoform dissociation. Editorial Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 1(4), 1-6.

Van der Hart, O. & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1999). Bearing witness to uncorroborated trauma: The clinician's development of reflective belief. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 30, 37-44.

Spinhoven, P., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., & Van Dyck, R. (1999). Can experimental memory research adequately explain memory for trauma? Psychotherapy, 36, 257-267.

Van der Hart, O. & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1999). Psychotherapie en hervonden herinneringen: deel I - Fasegerichte traumabehandeling tegenover Recovered Memory Therapy Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie 1999 [25] 6.

Van der Hart, O. & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1999). Psychotherapie en hervonden herinneringen: deel II: Richtlijnen voor de praktijk 
Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie 1999 [25] 6

Van der Hart, O. & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1999). Psychotherapie en zogenoemde “hervonden herinneringen”: I. Fasengerichte trauma-behandeling versus “recovered memory therapy”. [Psychotherapy and socalled “recovered memories”: Phase-oriented treatment versus “recovered memorytherapy”]. Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie, 25, 6, 387-405.

Van der Hart, O. & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1999). Psychotherapie en zogenoemde “hervonden herinneringen”: II. Richtlijnen voor de praktijk [Psychotherapy and socalled “recovered memories”: II. Practical guidelines]. Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie, 25, 6, 406-422.

Van der Hart, O. & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1998). Recovered memories of abuse and dissociative identity disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry, 173, 537-538.

Spinhoven, P., Nijenhuis, E.R.S., & Van Dyck, R. (1998). Herinneringen aan traumatische ervaringen [Memories of traumatic experiences]. Directieve therapie, 18, 134-169.

Van der Hart, O. & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1996). Dissociatieve amnesie voor traumatische ervaringen. [Dissociative amnesia for traumatic experiences]. Maandblad Geestelijke volksgezondheid, 7/8, 728-747.

Van der Hart, O. & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1995). Amnesia for Traumatic Experiences Hypnos, 22, 73-87.

Van der Hart, O. & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1995). Amnesie für traumatische Erfahrungen [Amnesia for traumatic experiences]. 
Hypnose und Kognition (HyKog), 12, 84-101.

Van der Hart, O. & Nijenhuis, E.R.S. (1993). Dissociatieve stoornissen, in het bijzonder de multipele persoonlijkheidsstoornis [Dissociative disorders, in particular the multiple personality disorder]. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor de Geneeskunde, 137, 37, 1865-1868.