The TEC (Nijenhuis et al., 2002) is a self-report measure addressing potentially traumatizing events. Preliminary findings suggest that the TEC is a reliable and valid self-report instrument that can be used in clinical practice and research. Different scores can be calculated including a cumulative score, and scores for emotional neglect, emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual harassment, sexual abuse, and bodily threat from a person.

In clinical practice systematic assessment of the patient's trauma history is a relatively neglected area. Highly vulnerable individuals should not be exposed to self-report trauma questionnaires or untimely trauma interviews. However, assessment of trauma history, even if stressful, is appreciated by most patients and rewarding to clinicians.

Click here to access the SDQ, the questionnaire that addresses somatoform manifestations of dissociation of the personality. 


Nijenhuis, E.R.S., Van der Hart, O., & Kruger, K. (2002).
The psychometric characteristics of the Traumatic Experiences Questionnaire (TEC): First findings among psychiatric outpatients.
Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 9(3), 200-210.

Download TEC

TEC is available in the languages listed below (click to download).